Dornier Do-31

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Dornier Do-31
Dornier Do-31
General
Type: Transport
Owner: Germany
Specifications
Length: 20.5 m
Width: 18 m
Height: 8.5 m
Speed: 730 km/h
Armament
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History
The Dornier Do-31 was a VTOL transport aircraft designed to be used along with the EWR VJ 101 VTOL fighter plane as part of West Germany's mobile defense strategy. Development of the Do-31 started in 1959 with a test rig being completed in 1962 which was used for several years to work out the problems with this large and ambitious design. Three different prototypes were then completed during 1967. The first prototype (Do-31E1) was only fitted with Bristol Pegasus engines for testing the standard horizontal operations and flew for the first time on February 10th 1967. The second prototype (Do-31E2) was used for static ground tests and never flew. The third and final prototype (Do-31E3) was fitted with both Bristol Pegasus engines and the Rolls-Royce RB162 lift engines and was capable of full VTOL operations, its first flight was during July 1967 and the first vertical take-off was achieved on November 22nd 1967. During the 1969 Paris air show the Do-31E3 gave a demonstration, during which it set world records for speed, distance, altitude and speed and duration over a course. The Do-31 remains the only jet powered VTOL transport aircraft ever built and as such these records have yet to be challenged. Unfortunately for this unique aircraft changes in strategy and the high cost of the project lead to its cancellation in 1970. Dornier also put forward a proposal for a larger civilian passenger version called the Do-231 but couldn't find any airlines interested in purchasing it so it failed to leave the drawing board. Two of the prototypes still exist today, Do-31E1 can be found displayed at the Dornier Museum in Friederichshafen and the Do-31E3 prototype is located within the Flugwerft Schleissheim aviation museum in Oberschleißheim. The second prototype Do-31E2 was scrapped soon after the project was cancelled.


References

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Time Frames
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Pre-War
1940 - 1942:
Early-War
1942 - 1944:
Mid-War
1944 - 1945:
Late-War
1945 - 1960:
Post-War
1930 - 1960:
Total-War
Buildable Yes Yes
Bonus Crate Yes Yes
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Gallery
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Ground Vehicles
Construction/Supply: Opel Blitz, Opel Maultier, Steyr RSO, Sd.Kfz 9 Famo, Unimog 404
Transport: Kubelwagen, Schwimmwagen, VW Type 87, Sd.Kfz 250, Sd.Kfz 250/3, Sd.Kfz 251, Sd.Kfz 251 Stuka zu Fuss, 38(d) Katzchen, SPz HS.30
Armoured Car: BMW R75, Sd.Kfz 222, Sd.Kfz 234, Sd.Kfz 234/2 Puma
Light Tank: Leichttraktor, PzKpfw 38(t), PzKpfw I, PzKpfw II, SPz Ru-251
Medium Tank: PzKpfw III, PzKpfw IV Ausf.D, PzKpfw IV Ausf.H, VK30.01(P), VK30.02(DB), Panther, Panther II, E-50, Leopard 1
Heavy Tank: A7V, Großkampfwagen, PzKpfw VI NbFz, VK30.01(H), VK36.01(H), Tiger, Tiger(P), Tiger II, VK45.02(P), Löwe, Mammut, Maus, E-75, E-100
Anti-Aircraft: Sd.Kfz 10/4, 38(d) Kugelblitz, Wirblewind, Coelian, E-100 Alligator, FPz HS.30
Tank Destroyer: Pz.Jg I, Marder III, Hetzer, Waffentrager 38(d), Stug IV, Pz.Jg IV/L70, Dickermax, Sturer Emil, Jagdpanther, Elefant, E-10, E-25, E-100 Krokodil, Kanonenjagdpanzer
Support: Stug III, Sturmtiger
Artillery: Panzerwerfer, Bison, Wespe, Hummel, Grille 17, Karl Gerät, LARS 1
Repair Vehicle: Bergepanzer IV, Bergepanther
Other: Goliath, P-1000
Armoured Train: Infantry S.Sp, Artillery S.Sp, Anti-Aircraft S.Sp
Aircraft
Fighter: Bf-109, Fw-190, Me-410 Hornisse, Do-335 Pfeil, Me-262 A-1a Schwalbe, Me-262 A-1a/U4, Me-262 B-1a/U1, Me-163 Komet, Me-1101, Ho-229, Treibflugle, EWR VJ 101C
Ground Attack: Ju-87 Stuka, Hs-129, Me-262 SB.1a, Junkers Ju-SFP, Fw-860
Bomber: Ju-88, Ju-188, He-111, He-177, Ar-234, Ar-E.555, Fw-1000
Transport: Ju-52, Fw-200 Condor, Me-P.08.01, Do-31
Helicopter: Weserflug P.1003/2
Other: Hs-293, Bv-246 Hagelkorn, Fi-103/V1, Me-262 A-2a/U2 Mistel, Daimler Benz Project C
Naval
Transport: Barge, Marinefährprahm
Destroyer: Zerstörer 1936, Zerstörer 1945, Type 101 Hamburg
Submarine: U-boat Type VII, U-boat Type XXI, Type 205
Cruiser/Battleship: Admiral Hipper, Bismarck
Civilian
Vehicle: VW Beetle, Mercedes-Benz 770, DRG Class 64
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