EWR VJ 101C

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EWR VJ 101C
EWR VJ 101C
General
Type: Fighter
Owner: Germany
Year: 1964
Specifications
Length: 15.7 m
Width: 6.6 m
Height: 4.1 m
Speed: Mach 1.4
Armament
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History
During the Cold War the West German Airforce expected their airfields to be a primary target in any conflict with the Soviets. To counter this they planned to adopt a mobile strategy with heavy use of new VTOL aircraft that in a time of war could be operated from makeshift runways or the autobahn. To fulfil this new strategy Heinkel (VJ 101A), Messerschmitt (VJ 101B) and Bolkow all submitted different designs for a new VTOL fighter/interceptor. Instead of making the three companies compete for the production contract the Defence Ministry encouraged them to work together, so in 1959 the three of them joined together to create the EWR (Entwicklungsring Süd) consortium. The new jointly designed VJ 101C incorporated the best features from the original concepts, with Heinkel's wing mounted engine pods and Messerschmitt's fuselage lift fan being combined to provide the aircraft's VTOL capability.

In early 1960 a rudimentary test rig was built to test the feasibility of the VTOL engines, a skeletal prototype was then built and in May 1961 underwent testing on a telescopic column. Work continued on improving this prototype and in March 1962 it was able to fly freely on its own. With the success of these tests a full prototype (X-1) was built and flew for the first time on April 10th 1963 and the first transition from vertical to horizontal flight was achieved on September 20th 1963. On September 14 1964 the X-1 prototype crashed and was destroyed during take-off, it was later found that a roll rate gyro had been installed backwards causing the autopilot to malfunction. A second prototype (X-2) completed in mid 1965 and along with fixes to the autopilot it also featured newer engines fitted with afterburners, it achieved its first VTOL flight on October 22th 1965. Testing of the X-2 prototype continued for several more years and plans were made for construction a larger and more advance EWR VJ 101D design, however changes in strategic requirement meant that interest in the EWR VJ 101 diminished and in 1968 the project was cancelled. The X-2 prototype survives to this day and can be found in the Deutsches Museum in Munich.

Following the cancellation of the VJ 101 EWR continued work on several conceptual designs (The AVS project in partnership with Boeing and the EWR A 400 STOL Design Study), these slowly evolved the original VJ 101 design and culminated into the Panavia Tornado.


References

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Time Frames
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Early-War
1942 - 1944:
Mid-War
1944 - 1945:
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1945 - 1960:
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1930 - 1960:
Total-War
Buildable Yes Yes
Bonus Crate Yes Yes
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Gallery
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Germany

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Ground Vehicles
Construction/Supply: Opel Blitz, Opel Maultier, Steyr RSO, Sd.Kfz 9 Famo, Unimog 404
Transport: Kubelwagen, Schwimmwagen, VW Type 87, Sd.Kfz 250, Sd.Kfz 250/3, Sd.Kfz 251, Sd.Kfz 251 Stuka zu Fuss, 38(d) Katzchen, SPz HS.30
Armoured Car: BMW R75, Sd.Kfz 222, Sd.Kfz 234, Sd.Kfz 234/2 Puma
Light Tank: Leichttraktor, PzKpfw 38(t), PzKpfw I, PzKpfw II, SPz Ru-251
Medium Tank: PzKpfw III, PzKpfw IV Ausf.D, PzKpfw IV Ausf.H, VK30.01(P), VK30.02(DB), Panther, Panther II, E-50, Leopard 1
Heavy Tank: A7V, Großkampfwagen, PzKpfw VI NbFz, VK30.01(H), VK36.01(H), Tiger, Tiger(P), Tiger II, VK45.02(P), Löwe, Mammut, Maus, E-75, E-100
Anti-Aircraft: Sd.Kfz 10/4, 38(d) Kugelblitz, Wirblewind, Coelian, E-100 Alligator, FPz HS.30
Tank Destroyer: Pz.Jg I, Marder III, Hetzer, Waffentrager 38(d), Stug IV, Pz.Jg IV/L70, Dickermax, Sturer Emil, Jagdpanther, Elefant, E-10, E-25, E-100 Krokodil, Kanonenjagdpanzer
Support: Stug III, Sturmtiger
Artillery: Panzerwerfer, Bison, Wespe, Hummel, Grille 17, Karl Gerät, LARS 1
Repair Vehicle: Bergepanzer IV, Bergepanther
Other: Goliath, P-1000
Armoured Train: Infantry S.Sp, Artillery S.Sp, Anti-Aircraft S.Sp
Aircraft
Fighter: Bf-109, Fw-190, Me-410 Hornisse, Do-335 Pfeil, Me-262 A-1a Schwalbe, Me-262 A-1a/U4, Me-262 B-1a/U1, Me-163 Komet, Me-1101, Ho-229, Treibflugle, EWR VJ 101C
Ground Attack: Ju-87 Stuka, Hs-129, Me-262 SB.1a, Junkers Ju-SFP, Fw-860
Bomber: Ju-88, Ju-188, He-111, He-177, Ar-234, Ar-E.555, Fw-1000
Transport: Ju-52, Fw-200 Condor, Me-P.08.01, Do-31
Helicopter: Weserflug P.1003/2
Other: Hs-293, Bv-246 Hagelkorn, Fi-103/V1, Me-262 A-2a/U2 Mistel, Daimler Benz Project C
Naval
Transport: Barge, Marinefährprahm
Destroyer: Zerstörer 1936, Zerstörer 1945, Type 101 Hamburg
Submarine: U-boat Type VII, U-boat Type XXI, Type 205
Cruiser/Battleship: Admiral Hipper, Bismarck
Civilian
Vehicle: VW Beetle, Mercedes-Benz 770, DRG Class 64
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